Dart vs Flutter – Which is better?

Which programming language is best for making apps? When it comes to creating apps for businesses, Flutter vs Dart provides alternative options. Google’s Dart is a programming language developed for web and mobile software. It was introduced in 2011 and is designed to be easy to learn and fast to execute. Dart can write server-side web applications, command-line scripts, and mobile apps.

On the other hand, Flutter is a mobile app SDK (Software Development Kit) built using Dart. It was likewise created by Google and released in 2017. Developers may use Flutter to create high-performance, natively-compiled mobile applications for iOS and Android from a single codebase. These apps can be both visually appealing and fast. Flutter also offers a “hot reload” feature that allows developers to see the changes they make in the app in real-time.

In summary, Dart is a programming language, while Flutter is a framework or SDK built using Dart, which makes it easier for developers to create mobile applications.

Importance of comparing Dart and Flutter

Comparing Dart and Flutter is essential for several reasons.

Firstly, Dart and Flutter are both developed by Google, and they are designed to work together. Dart is the programming language for building Flutter apps, making it essential to understand how Dart and Flutter complement each other.

Secondly, both Dart and Flutter are relatively new tools in the mobile development industry, gaining popularity rapidly. By comparing these tools, developers can gain insights into their strengths and weaknesses and decide which tool to use for their next project.

Thirdly, understanding the differences between Dart and Flutter can help developers identify the best tool for a particular use case. Each device has features and qualities that make it better for some tasks or projects than others. By comparing Dart and Flutter, developers can better decide which tool to use based on the project’s requirements.

Lastly, developers may learn more about the state of the mobile development business by comparing Dart with Flutter. As new tools and frameworks emerge, developers must know each tool’s available options, features, and capabilities to stay competitive in the industry.

What is Dart?

Dart is a programming language that Google created for creating web and mobile applications. It was designed to be fast, efficient, and easy to learn. Dart is an object-oriented language that can be compiled into either native code or JavaScript, and it has both optional and static typing.

Google first made Dart public in 2011 to replace JavaScript in web browsers. However, it was later repositioned as a general-purpose programming language for building client-side and server-side applications.

Some of the key features of Dart include:

  • Support for both just-in-time (JIT) and ahead-of-time (AOT) compilation
  • Optional and static typing
  • Asynchronous programming support
  • Garbage collection
  • Built-in support for collections, strings, and other common data structures
  • Modularity and scalability

Dart is used for building web and mobile applications, command-line tools, and server-side applications. Google also developed Flutter, an SDK mobile app built using Dart that allows developers to create high-performance, visually attractive, and natively compiled mobile apps for iOS and Android platforms from a single codebase.

What is Flutter?

Google developed the open-source Flutter mobile application development framework. Introduced in 2017, it has quickly become a go-to framework for developing mobile apps. Dart is the language used to create Flutter, and it enables programmers to build natively generated, high-performance applications for iOS and Android from a single source of code.

Among Flutter’s most notable characteristics are the following:

  • Hot reload: Allows developers to see changes made to the code in real time.
  • Widgets: The gorgeous, responsive UIs that developers can create with Flutter are made possible by its extensive library of devices.
  • Natively compiled: Flutter apps are compiled to native iOS and Android code, making them fast and efficient.
  • Customizable: Flutter allows developers to customize every aspect of their app, including the visual elements, animations, and behaviors.
  • Cross-platform development: With Flutter, developers can create apps running on iOS and Android platforms from a single codebase.

Flutter has become popular in the mobile development industry because it is easy to use, fast, and can make user interfaces look good and work well. Many popular apps, such as Alibaba, Google Ads, and Grab, have been built using Flutter.

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Comparison between Dart and Flutter

While Dart and Flutter are closely related since Flutter is built using Dart, they are still different tools with unique features and use cases. Here are some of the critical differences between Dart and Flutter:

  1. Programming language vs. Framework: Dart is a programming language, while Flutter is a framework built using Dart. It means that while Dart can be used for various applications, Flutter is mainly used for creating mobile applications.
  2. Syntax: Dart has a syntax similar to Java and JavaScript, while Flutter has a declarative syntax identical to XML or HTML. This difference in syntax makes it easier to develop Flutter apps for developers familiar with web development.
  3. Learning Curve: Dart has a relatively low learning curve, making it easy for developers to learn and use for different types of applications. On the other hand, Flutter has a steeper learning curve since it requires developers to understand both the Dart programming language and the Flutter framework.
  4. Development Time: Flutter has a faster development time than Dart since it has a rich set of pre-built widgets that can be used to build the application’s user interface quickly.
  5. User Interface: Although Dart may be used to construct user interfaces, Flutter’s extensive library of widgets makes it easy to design and implement UI that is attractive and responsive quickly.
  6. Platform Support: Flutter, in contrast to Dart, is used primarily for developing mobile apps, both for iOS and Android.
  7. Integration with Other Tools: Dart can integrate with various tools and frameworks, such as Angular and Vue.js, while Flutter is more tightly integrated with the Dart programming language.

In short, Dart is a programming language used to make different kinds of apps, and Flutter is a framework for creating mobile apps made with Dart. While they share some similarities, each tool has unique features and capabilities, making it more suitable for different use cases.

When to use Dart and Flutter

Here are some scenarios where you might consider using Dart and Flutter:

  1. Mobile Application Development: Flutter is an excellent option for building cross-platform mobile apps for iOS and Android. It has a short time to market and a wide variety of flexible widgets that designers may employ to create polished, functional UIs.
  2. Cross-platform Development: Dart is an excellent choice to develop applications that can run on multiple platforms. It can be used to create web, mobile, and desktop applications.
  3. Rapid Prototyping: If you want to build a prototype quickly, Flutter is an excellent choice. Its hot reload feature allows developers to see changes to the code in real-time, making it easy to iterate and refine the prototype.
  4. Small to Medium-sized Projects: Dart is an excellent choice if you are working on a small to medium-sized project. It is easy to learn and offers a range of features that make it suitable for various applications.
  5. Single Codebase Development: Flutter is an excellent option for creating cross-platform mobile apps that work on iOS and Android with a single set of source code. Because of its cross-platform support, you must complete, test, and update a single codebase.

In summary, Dart is an excellent choice for developing cross-platform applications, while Flutter is a perfect choice for mobile application development, particularly cross-platform development. Suppose you are working on a small to medium-sized project or need to develop a prototype quickly. In that case, Flutter is an excellent choice due to its fast development cycle and rich set of customizable widgets.


In conclusion, Dart and Flutter are two powerful tools that can be used to build various applications. While Dart is a programming language used for building web, mobile, and desktop applications, Flutter is a mobile application development framework created using Dart. Both tools have unique features and capabilities, making them more suitable for different use cases. Suppose you want to develop mobile applications for iOS and Android platforms. 

In that case, Flutter is an excellent choice due to its fast development cycle and rich set of customizable widgets. Nonetheless, Dart is a perfect option for cross-platform apps because of its flexibility and interoperability with various frameworks and tools. Ultimately, the choice between Dart and Flutter depends on your project requirements and preferences, and both devices offer an excellent solution for building high-quality applications.

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